What are the numbers on my sewing machine?

The numbers on sewing machine needle packages represent the thickness of the fabric you are able to sew with the needles. The larger the numbers the thicker the fabric you can sew. Conversely, smaller numbers are for sewing finer fabrics.

What do the numbers on my sewing machine mean?

The numbers on a sewing machine needle denote its size. Every sewing machine needle has two numbers divided by a slash, for example, 90/14. The larger the number, the thicker the needle. The larger number to the left is for the European sizing system, which ranges from 60 to 120.

What should my sewing machine tension be set to?

The dial settings run from 0 to 9, so 4.5 is generally the ‘default’ position for normal straight-stitch sewing. This should be suitable for most fabrics. If you are doing a zig-zag stitch, or another stitch that has width, then you may find that the bobbin thread is pulled through to the top.

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What are the dials for on my Singer sewing machine?

Many sewing machines have dials you turn to select the width of the stitch. The numbers for stitch width usually range between 0-5. Electronic or computerized machines may use – or + to make changes to stitch width. The Elnita, Pfaff, and Singer all use dials for selecting stitch width.

What are the numbers on a sewing machine needle?

The American sizing system is numbered from 8 to 18. For both sizing systems, the lower the number the finer the needle and the higher the number the larger the needle. Most needle companies show both sizes on the package.

What is a 90 14 needle used for?

90/14 – suitable for medium weight fabrics, e.g. slightly heavier weight cotton, polyester, linen, lightweight upholstery fabric. Lighter weight fabrics such as silk (chiffon, organza, crepe-de-chine) will require a smaller sized needle. The lighter the fabric the smaller the needle required.

What tension should I use for cotton?

Cotton requires a moderate tension setting, usually between three and four. Always start adjusting your tension settings with your upper tension.

Why is my thread bunching up on the bottom?

A: Looping on the underside, or back of the fabric, means the top tension is too loose compared to the bobbin tension, so the bobbin thread is pulling too much top thread underneath. By tightening the top tension, the loops will stop, but the added tension may cause breakage, especially with sensitive threads.

How do I know if my bobbin tension is correct?

The thread should unwind just slightly and the bobbin case should drop an inch or two. If the thread unwinds without resistance and the case slips to the floor, your bobbin tension is too loose. If the bobbin case doesn’t budge, your bobbin tension is too tight.

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What is the knob on top of the sewing machine?

4. Tension Adjuster – Knob/dial that controls the tension your discs apply to the thread. 5. Thread Guide – The thread guide is the system that feeds your thread through the machine and maintains proper tension while sewing.

What is a thread guide?

noun In a sewing-machine, a device, as a loop or an eye, for guiding the thread when it is necessary to change the direction at any point between the spool and the eye of the needle.

What is S1 and S2 on Singer sewing machine?

When using the Singer model 4432 sewing machine the S1 and S2, on the Stitch pattern selector dial, stand for additional stitches 1 and addition stitches 2 (more stitch patterns than in Basic).

What is an 80 12 needle used for?

Double Eye 80/12 A Universal needle with two eyes, used on wovens and knits. Used with two threads for topstitching, shading and texturing effects and for embroidery. Stretch 75/11, 90/14 The medium ball point, special eye and scarf are specially designed to prevent skipped stitches.

What do the colors mean on a sewing machine needle?

Most, but not all, household needles now have two bands of color. The top color band indicates needle type and the lower color band indicates needle size. Due to special features, SCHMETZ Universal, Hemstitch, Double Eye, and Quick Threading needles only have one color band to identify needle size.

What does 70 10 mean on a sewing machine needle?

Ball-point Knits 70/10 – 100/16 This needle has a medium tip that is a slightly more rounded than a universal needle and passes between the fabric threads instead of piercing them. … These needles are available in the widest size range. Use when stitching synthetic or natural wovens and knits.

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