What is the mosaic of Justinian?
One of the most famous images of political authority from the Middle Ages is the mosaic of the Emperor Justinian and his court in the sanctuary of the church of San Vitale in Ravenna, Italy. This image is an integral part of a much larger mosaic program in the chancel (the space around the altar).
Why was the Justinian mosaic made?
This mosaic thus establishes the central position of the Emperor between the power of the church and the power of the imperial administration and military. Like the Roman Emperors of the past, Justinian has religious, administrative, and military authority.
What is the Theodora mosaic made of?
Slightly different from Roman style mosaics, Byzantine mosaics were made of a special glass tesserae called smalti, made in northern Italy from thick sheets of colored glass. These pieces of glass were sometimes backed with silver or gold leaf. Choose one of the pictures of Theodora for your mosaic.
What type of artwork covers the inside of the Byzantine church San Vitale?
The church is most famous for its wealth of Byzantine mosaics. St Vitale boasts the largest and best preserved mosaics outside of Istanbul.
Who painted the court of Empress Theodora mosaic?
Empress Theodora and her Court (detail) by MOSAIC ARTIST, Byzantine.
How old are the mosaics in Ravenna?
Ravenna is on the tourist map for one reason: its 1,500-year-old churches, decorated with best-in-the-West Byzantine mosaics. Known in Roman times as Classe, the city was an imperial port for the large naval fleet.
What period is Emperor Justinian and his attendants?
One of the most studied mosaics of the Byzantine church of San Vitale in Ravenna , Italy is Emperor Justinian and His Attendants, sometimes called Justinian and His Courtiers, a companion piece to Empress Theodora and Her Attendants. The mosaics were completed in 547 AD, shortly before the consecration of the church.
What is the most famous Byzantine mosaic?
Although it might be the most famous, Ravenna is by no means the only place where Early Byzantine mosaics are well-preserved today.
Who is Justinian and Theodora?
Theodora, a 6th-century Byzantine empress married to Emperor Justinian I, is remembered for being one of the most powerful women in Byzantine history. She used her power and influence to promote religious and social policies that were important to her. She was one of the first rulers to recognize the rights of women.
What does the Justinian mosaic in the Church of San Vitale in Ravenna demonstrate?
The union of political and spiritual authority expressed in these mosaics reflect the divine kingship of Justinian. It shows that the emperor derives his power from the church and the military. Justinian holds bread, which refers to the Eucharist.
What are the small pieces of glass used in a mosaic called?
tessera, (Latin: “cube,” or “die”, ) plural Tesserae, in mosaic work, a small piece of stone, glass, ceramic, or other hard material cut in a cubical or some other regular shape. The earliest tesserae, which by 200 bc had replaced natural pebbles in Hellenistic mosaics, were cut from marble and limestone.
What type of church was most commonly constructed in the Byzantine Empire?
From the 5th century CE, the basilica church was common throughout the Byzantine Empire. By the 6th century CE, the standard timber roof had given way to a dome-vaulted one in larger basilicas.
What were the architectural and artistic features of the Church of San Vitale?
San Vitale was lavishly decorated with marble wall revetment, mosaic and marble pavements, columns and impost capitals, stucco decoration under the arches, painted glass windows, and figural mosaics in the presbytery (bema) and apse.